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ASTHMA AND ALLERGIES

Posted on by DoctoriDuniya

Asthma is a dreadful and sometimes, life haunting chronic respiratory disease that affects the quality of life for almost millions of people in the world. It attacks respiratory tracks that carry air to and from your lungs. In asthma, bronchial tubes or airways become swollen and inflamed which creates difficulty in breathing. Asthma is defined as narrowing and inflammations of the airways.


Asthma attack/episode-

An asthma attack is a triggering of asthma symptoms caused by the tightening of muscles around airways.

Difficulty in the flow of air through the airways.

Inflammation increases and more mucus is produced.


‎People who suffer from this chronic respiratory conditions (long-lasting or recurrent) are said to be asthmatic.


Asthma is incurable-

Asthma is an incurable illness but that can be controlled and managed with proper treatment and care to live a normal life.


Asthma attacks vary-

During the asthma attacks, the airways got blocked blocking the airways to enter oxygen in the lungs. The severity of attacks depends from person to person that may be mild, moderate, severe and very severe.Sometimes it may be fatal and patient may require immediate and urgent hospitalization.


Symptoms-

Coughing, especially at night.

Wheezing

Shortness of breath

Difficulty in breathing

Rapid breathing.

Frequent respiratory infections.

Fast heart rate

Throat infections

Chest tightness, pain or pressure.


What causes or triggers asthma-

It is still not clear what causes asthma but researches show that it is a combination of environmental and inherited (genetics) factors.





Asthma triggers are different from person to person and can include:

· Airborne and polluted substances, such as pollen, dust.

· Animal dander(saliva, skin)

· Food and drug allergies

· Respiratory infections, such as the common cold

· Physical activity (exercise triggers asthma)

· Cold air

· Air pollutants and irritants, such as smoke

· Certain medications.

· Preservatives include in some types of dried foods, fruits and beverages.

· Processed potatoes, beer, and wine.

· Depression and stress


Consult your doctor

If you suffer from asthma you should consult your doctor faster. Health care professionals will help you find out the reasons that trigger your asthma symptoms and how to avoid them. You will also be prescribed medications which will help you manage your asthma.


Consequences if you don’t control your asthma

If you don't control your asthma you will miss school or work more often and you will be less likely to be able to take part in some activities you enjoy. Asthma is one of the most common causes of school absenteeism.


HOW IS ASTHMA DIAGNOSED?

It can be diagnosed by a general physician by conducting these tests:

1. Spirometry

2. Methacholine challenge

3. Routine blood and urine tests


HOW IS ASTHMA TREATED?

There is no actual cure for asthma. Only the symptoms can be addressed through treatment and management. Controller medications are taken daily to avoid stimulations.Metered dose inhaler (MDI) is helpful in opening the airways. Sometimes Immediate medications and quick hospitalization are required for quickly relaxing and opening the airways.



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