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HOW COMMON ARE KIDNEY STONES?

Posted on by DoctoriDuniya

India is a place to a billion people, and a large percentage of them have kidney stones in their body. But what has troubled doctors for years is why India is a place where the majority of people are suffering from the stone disease? Why does India has so many kidney stone patients? Among other diseases, kidney stone disease is extremely common and the lifetime risk of forming a stone is very high. The reason of stone formation in the body is still unknown. Sometimes its shows clear and persistent symptoms and causes pain and sometimes it may cause no pain. The symptoms also depends on the size of stone, some stones are too small and pass out through urine .Some are big and become stuck in a kidney or in the tube draining urine from the kidney and cause persistent problems. Drinking lots of water every day may prevent this from happening again.

How common are kidney stones?

Kidney stones are also called as renal calculi, are small solid chunks, crystalline in structure and are formed by waste chemicals and minerals in the urine. It is found that approximately 3 in 20 men and 1 in 20 women are susceptible to have stone in their life. Body can develop stone at any ages but the most common occurrences happen between the ages of 20 and 40.


How do kidney stones form?

The kidneys purify the blood and drain out excess water and waste chemicals to produce urine. Sometimes, many waste chemicals are decomposed in the urine, sometimes they develop minute crystals in the urine which group together to form a small stone.

What are the symptoms of kidney stones?

Sometimes it shows no symptoms that mean you may have it but you would not realize. Sometimes it shows persistent symptoms that may be painful and unbearable.

Extreme  pain in the side and back, below the ribs

Severe Pain in lower abdomen

Pain while urination

Change in urine color(Pink, red or brown)

Nausea 

Vomiting

Unusual and persistent Urination 

Fever

Chills and shiver in body

Sometimes you may see blood in your urine.


When to consult a doctor?

If you are going through any of above-mentioned signs and symptoms, consult your physicians and health care professionals and seek quick medication.


You are also more prone to develop kidney stones if you have-

   Repeated urine infections.

  Repeated kidney infections

    A kidney with scars or cysts on it.

    A close relative or a family history who has had a kidney stone.

What can one do to prevent a kidney stone from developing?

Have plenty of water throughout the day and night.Drink at least 2 to 3 liters of water a day.



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